Walker Connor clearly makes the distinction between nationalism and patriotism. The former is defined as a “loyalty to one’s national group” while the latter is “[loyalty] to one’s state and its institutions” (Connor, 1994). He also states that one nation only exists when people within a community define themselves as so. Accordingly, the consciousness of being a nation is the most important factor of nationhood. Likewise, tangible elements – language, religion, culture,… – are only used to strengthen the sense of common ancestry. Furthermore, Connor claims that nationalism is a mass movement.
With this theoretical framework, we want to approach the Castilian nationalism this week. Castile is one of the ancient nations within the Spanish state. Back in the early 16th century, the Castilian Kingdom was ruled by Charles I, who had also become the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Then he moved to Central Europe and he left a Flemish regent to rule the Castilian Kingdom. This fact and also the increase of taxes led to a revolt of the Castilian peasants against the foreign rule. This is the main historical episode in which Castilian nationalism is based on.
As in all the other nations within the Spanish state, there is a nationalist movement which claims the independence of Castile. Moreover, they also insist that Spain is only a state and not a nation. In this video you can watch some examples of Castilian nationalist slogans such as “Free Castile”, “Madrid is Castile” or “Independence”. You can also hear the Castilian national anthem.
(Join the fight, do not let them erase your identity)
Further knowledge about Castilian nationalism can be found here
However, Castilian nationalism has very few supporters. In fact, most of the Castilian people feel themselves only as Spanish. So, they believe that their nation is Spain. But, according to Connor, who considers Castile a nation (Connor 1994), this loyalty that most Castilians have towards Spain is actually patriotism. So, if Castilians feel that they belong to the Spanish nation, are they Spanish nationalists or Spanish patriots?