Greenfeld argues that in the process of importing the idea of nationalism, each society inescapably focuses on the source of importation which automatically becomes an object of imitation. Under the light of the new concept, the society begins to transform. Overwhelmed by feelings of envy and inferiority, a strong belief that the “other” is superior and unreachable gets stronger and stronger, leading to the ultimate reaction of “ressentiment”. The description of the cultural revolution that occurred in Turkey makes a strong case of the aforementioned tense of imitation. The attempt to change society’s identity through “westernizing” it (“hat reform”, banning Turkish music from the radio-allowing only western classics) is a characteristic example of this imitation process and one of the stages leading to the formation of a unique national identity and eventually modernity.